We gathered to not just come to witness the pen to paper, but also to hear the Crown acknowledge injustices inflicted on Te Whakatōhea, and to hear the Crown apologise for some of the most horrific acts upon tangata whenua.
Read Te Whakataunga o Te Raupatu Whenua commemorative booklet or view the day in photos shared by the whānau
To ngā uri o Te Whakatōhea, to ngā tūpuna and ngā mokopuna.
When Whakatōhea Rangatira signed Te Tiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi, they did so in a spirit of trust and co-operation, with a view to the benefits Treaty partnership could bring to their people. The Crown betrayed that trust by waging war and confiscating Whakatōhea land in a raupatu for which the Crown alone is responsible. The Crown’s actions caused significant loss of life, devastated Whakatōhea communities, created conflict between Whakatōhea hapū and whānau, and led to the loss of mātauranga Whakatōhea which is still felt today.
The Crown apologises to the rangatira who died at its hands. The Crown apologises to ngā uri o Te Whakatōhea, who have lived with economic, cultural and spiritual loss and deprivation as a result of the Crown’s actions. The Crown has failed to uphold its obligations under Te Tiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi and brought dishonour upon itself. For its breaches of te Tiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi, and for the pain it has caused Whakatōhea through its acts and omissions, the Crown is deeply sorry.
The Crown pays tribute to the resilience of ngā uri o Te Whakatōhea, who have strived for justice and fought to retain and rebuild Whakatōheatanga over generations. Through this settlement, the Crown hopes to honour the promise of partnership it made with Whakatōhea in 1840. Let us look forward to a future of prosperity for the people of Whakatōhea and move towards it together in a spirit of good faith, partnership and respect for te Tiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi .
The Ra Maumahara was held on the day before the signing. It was the day when whānau embraced photos of their loved ones, shared whakapapa, shed tears, the sorrow and grief as one. It was the day when we came together as Whakatōhea Iwi to memorialise our people, our history, and our journey to Settlement.
The Deed of Settlement is legally binding and represents the full and final agreement to settle the historical breaches by the Crown against Whakatōhea and creates the ongoing basis of the relationship between Whakatōhea and the Crown.
The agreed Deed of Settlement includes the Crown Apology, Cultural Redress and Financial and Commercial redress. Whakatōhea negotiated its Settlement package based on our strategy of Mana Tangata, Mana Whenua and Mana Moana.
We have been able to negotiate one of the largest and most comprehensive Settlement packages for an Iwi.
|Reserve lands development fund||$5,000,000|
|Cultural revitalisation fund||$5,000,000|
|Te Reo revitalisation fund||$1,000,000|
|Education endowment fund||$2,000,000|
|Marine and harbour development fund||$2,000,000|
The Whakatōhea Settlement will provide the Iwi with the resources to support the growth of our cultural and economic assets, and the intergenerational wellbeing of our people, our whenua, and our moana.
Our Whakatōhea Settlement includes $100m (and approx. $7.8m in accrued interest), the return of 6692ha of land, the allocation of 5000ha of marine space, and the ability to continue having our claims heard by the Waitangi Tribunal.
The real value of our Settlement lies in the 5000ha of marine space which will create numerous opportunities for our whānau now that the Ōpōtiki harbour development project is underway. Over time we expect the value of the aquaculture business to exceed the financial value of the Settlement.
There are a large number of land blocks coming back to Whakatōhea including scenic reserves, conservation areas, and sites of significance. It is important to note how and who manages these land blocks is a discussion for hapū to have post settlement.
The table below outlines where the 6692ha of whenua is.
The Ōpōtiki District Council will also return the following land blocks to Te Whakatōhea. The recreation reserves will continue to be managed by the ODC and we will create a Joint Management Board to manage our respective properties along the Tirohanga dunes.
Mana Moana focuses on the sustainability of our moana as well as the opportunity to grow our existing aquaculture initiatives.
The Settlement will reserve 5000ha of marine space for aquaculture development. This is the first time that marine space has been included in an Iwi Settlement. We have identified two areas, 2000ha in front of the existing mussel farm (Eastern Seafarms 3800ha – 54% owned by Whakatōhea Māori Trust Board) and another 3000ha to the west of the existing farm.
We have already consented 957ha (Ōpōtiki Seafarm – 100% owned by Whakatōhea through Pakihi Trading Company) and have consent applications in place for the remaining space. There is $2m allocated towards supporting the costs of gaining these consents and the harbour development but we have been able to progress these processes in advance by using other Crown funds (PGF).
Karangaranga te muri, Karangaranga te mua: Reconciliation
The Crown Apology and Crown Acknowledgements are part of the Deed of Settlement and will be passed into legislation alongside the Te Whakatōhea Historical Account.
WAI 87 submitted
Whakatōhea starts direct negotiations with the Crown
Offer of $40 million made to Whakatōhea
Offer withdrawn and negotiations cease
Te Ara Tono developed by Whakatōhea Raupatu Working Party
Tu Ake Whakatōhea established and developed Whakatōhea Mandate Strategy
Whakatōhea vote accepts mandate strategy and WPCT established
Whakatōhea engage in direct negotiations with the Crown
Agreement in Principle signed and Waitangi Tribunal Mandate Inquiry held
Waitangi Tribunal finds Crown breach and recommends vote to check for support
For continuing with Settlement process
Waitangi Tribunal District Inquiry commenced
Minister of Treaty Negotiations approves for Settlement negotiations to continue in parallel with District Inquiry
Meet with Claimants
PSGE mahi commence
Komiti whiriwhiri work commences. Place name changes and Historical Account
Minister Little visit
Valuation mahi commences
PSGE working party and workshops commence
Hui a rohe update share shape of PSGE and online feedback
Iwi neighbour hui – overlapping area of interests
Final shape of PSGE shared at Hui a rohe
Te Tāwharau o Te Whakatōhea name for PSGE announced
Minister shares open letter with Te Whakatōhea
Historical Account completed
Waitangi Tribunal Priority Hearing and Recommendations
Iwi Neighbour hui – overlapping area of interests
Deed of Settlement initialled
Petitions objecting to Settlement received
Communication & Engagement with petitioners
Settlement Information Hui
Whakatōhea Mandate Amendment Vote - Whakatōhea voted to not amend the mandate to exclude Te Ūpokorehe and their claims from
the Whakatōhea Settlement for historical treaty claims
Ratification Vote on Settlement completed
Crown confirmed it will sign the Deed of Settlement
High Court Application seeking interim orders to prevent the Crown and WPCT to sign the Deed of Settlement is dismissed
Waitangi Tribunal Application for an urgent hearing into the process by which the Crown reached a settlement with WPCT is declined and the application is dismissed.
Whakatōhea sign the Deed of Settlement with the Crown 183 years to the day that Whakatōhea signed the Treaty of Waitangi
The Whakatōhea Settlement Claims Bill was introduced to Parliament
The Crown and the claimant group work together to make sure everything agreed in the Deed of Settlement happens, including: